Caster Semenya has confirmed her appeal to the European Court of Human Rights ©Getty Images

Caster Semenya has confirmed her appeal to the European Court of Human Rights as she seeks to overturn World Athletics rules in order to defend her Olympic 800 metres title at Tokyo 2020.

The South African Government confirmed yesterday that it was planning an appeal to the European Court of Human Rights.

The World Athletics rules, which went into effect in 2019, cap athlete testosterone levels in women’s events from the 400m through the mile for athletes with differences of sexual development (DSD).

World Athletics said that no female athletes would have a level above the cap - five nanomoles per litre - unless they had a DSD or a tumour.

This would require Semenya to take testosterone-suppressing medication to compete in her best events.

Semenya has lost appeals at the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) and the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland against the World Athletics regulations over the past two years.

"I hope the European court will put an end to the longstanding human rights violations by World Athletics against women athletes," Semenya said.

"All we ask is to be allowed to run free, for once and for all, as the strong and fearless women we are and have always been."

World Athletics has consistently said the rules and lawful and are necessary to ensure female athletes to participate on fair and equal terms.

"For many years World Athletics (formerly IAAF) has fought for and defended equal rights and opportunities for all women and girls in our sport today and in the future," a World Athletics spokesperson told insidethegames.

"Throughout this long battle, World Athletics has always maintained that its regulations are lawful and legitimate, and that they represent a reasonable, necessary and proportionate means of ensuring the rights of all female athletes to participate on fair and equal terms.

"It has rejected the suggestion that they infringe any athlete's human rights, including the right to dignity and the right to bodily integrity.

"Both the CAS and the Swiss Federal Tribunal (SFT) agreed.

"In its decision in early September, the SFT concluded: 'Based on these findings, the CAS decision cannot be challenged.

"Fairness in sport is a legitimate concern and forms a central principle of sporting competition.

"It is one of the pillars on which competition is based.

"The European Court of Human Rights also attaches particular importance to the aspect of fair competition.

"In addition to this significant public interest, the CAS rightly considered the other relevant interests, namely the private interests of the female athletes running in the 'women' category."

Semenya will be supported by a legal team led by Norton Rose Fulbright lawyers Gregory Nott and Patrick Bracher in Johannesburg, as well as Christina Dargham in Paris.

London based barristers Schona Jolly and Claire McCann, and Toronto-based laywers James Bunting and Carlos Sayao are also part of Semenya’s legal team.

Semenya’s lawyers said the appeal comes following a Human Rights Watch report published in December, which called for an end of sex testing.

"While the timeline of the application remains to be determined by the court, Caster remains ever hopeful that she will soon be allowed to return to the starting line in the 800m at international competition,” a statement from Semenya’s lawyers added.

"Caster’s indomitable spirit continues to be a source of inspiration to all those fighting alongside her for the equality and dignity of women throughout the world."