A survey has revealed athletes are "not satisfied" with rules on compensation after dopers cheat at their expense.
The survey has been conducted by FairSport, an independent foundation which works to eradicate cheating in sport.
They support "confidential sources" who speak up to unmask doping, and educate the global public on the value of honesty and integrity in sport.
The organisation ran the survey over a six week period on the Charter of Athletes' Rights, giving athletes the opportunity to express their opinion on their existing rights and the environment of cheating in sport.
Among the topics featured in the survey were the right to clean sport, equality, transparency, justice, compensation and the freedom of expression.
More than 2,100 athletes took part with 71 per cent claiming they did not feel they have the right to be compensated by those who cheat at their expense.
On the same topic, 83 per cent expressed their belief that it was desirable/essential to have the right to be compensated by those who cheat.
Ninety-five per cent of respondents found it was desirable/essential for athletes to have the right to justice, including a fair hearing, coupled with the swift, consistent and transparent enforcement of all rules.
FairSport believe these responses highlight that athletes are not satisfied with the current landscape around compensation.
This is despite article 10.9 of the World Anti-Doping Agency Code, titled Allocation of CAS Cost Awards and Forfeited Prize Money, addressing the issue of compensation loss.
FairSport believe clean athletes can suffer greatly financially from rivals doping, citing that they may lose out on millions in potential endorsements.
Following re-analysis of doping samples carried out by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for Beijing 2008 and London 2012, a total of 61 cases emerged involving medal winners at both Games.
A call for "enhanced practices and solutions" for compensation loss has been made by FairSport as a result of the survey.
Concerns were also raised by athletes about the governance and transparency of anti-doping organisations.
A total of 94 per cent of respondents claimed it was desirable/essential to have transparency both in governance and anti-doping organisations, rising to 97 per cent who deemed it essential to have the right to clean sport, free of corruption, coercion, and manipulation.
Athletes were found to have doubts over whether this is currently the case, with 55 per cent stating they were unsure or felt like they did not have the right to sport free of corruption, coercion and manipulation at this current time.
The findings also showed that 54 per cent did not feel they had leadership free from conflict of interest.
The results, FairSport claim, show that there is a need for enhanced transparent processes in sport, to restore the trust athletes have in anti-doping organisations.
Athletes have also called for greater representation within anti-doping and sporting organisations, according to the survey.
Ninety-two per cent called for the right to representation and participation in the fight against doping, while 90 per cent wanted the right to participate in the creation of rules for sport and the governance of sport.
FairSport said that the athletes who participated in the survey came from a diverse demographic, representing more than 60 countries and 50 sports.
Of the 2,100 athletes, 270 were Paralympians and there was nearly an equally split between males and females.
The age range of respondents ranged from 14 to 73, with an average age of 27.
More than 85 per cent of the athletes are performing at international competition standard, such as representing their country at the Olympics or Paralympics.
FairSport is chiefly aiming to provide support for whistleblowers and other confidential sources who disclose information about the sports industry.
They promise to provide "free legal counsel and other support" to such sources through charitable funding.
The survey revealed that 92 per cent of the respondents expressed their belief that whistleblowers who report doping infractions should be supported.
Eighty-four per cent would be willing to assist FairSport in their efforts to eradicate cheating in sport, while 80 per cent claimed there was not another organisation that currently meets the mission to support whistleblowers.
Founding directors of FairSport include Johann Koss, a four-time Olympic speed skating champion from Norway who also served on the IOC Athletes' Commission from 1998 to 2002.
Other founders include venture capitalist Jim Swartz, attorney Ed Stier and financial partner Louisa Watt.
Former IOC Athletes' Commission chair Claudia Bokel, an Olympic medal winning fencer from Germany, joined as the organisation's executive director in December.
Joseph de Pencier, the former chief executive of the Institute of National Anti-Doping Organisations (iNADO), was elected to the FairSport Board last month.
The survey comes at a time when concerns have been expressed over organisations' handling of the Russian doping scandal, which emerged after Sochi 2014 with the host nation accused of a sample manipulation scheme.
The IOC have been criticised by iNADO, following the impending decision to lift Russia's suspension despite two doping cases emerging from Pyeongchang 2018.
iNADO had accused the IOC of making the call for "pragmatic rather than principled reasons", as well as asserting that their handling of the situation had gone from "bad to worse".
The key findings of the survey can be found here.