Five Russian athletes who appealed against their suspension from the Paralympic Games here have had individual lawsuits rejected by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany.
On Wednesday (September 14), a court in Düsseldorf rejected individual lawsuits from 94 Russian Paralympians as the country continued its tour of various legal bodies following its ban for doping offences.
The five subsequently went to the Federal Constitutional Court demanding permission to participate in the Closing Ceremony of Rio 2016 on Sunday (September 18).
A statement from the court said, however, it could not cancel or review the previous verdict of the Düsseldorf court because it was not creating any considerable restrictions for the claimants.
It argued that the decisions of national courts on granting permission to individual athletes would constitute significant interference with the autonomy of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).
"A signal, which the IPC sent to the National Committees after it had suspended the Russian Paralympic Committee from the Rio Games, was supposed to frighten them away from supporting systematic doping," the court added.
One Russian female athlete also insisted that she be granted the right to compete in today’s swimming competition, but it was deemed unclear that she could have arrived in time.
Last week, 84 Russian athletes had appeals dismissed after filing lawsuits with the state court in German city Bonn, where the IPC is based.
It came just a day after the same court had turned down an attempt from 10 Russian athletes to secure an injunction allowing them to compete at Rio 2016.
The IPC introduced a blanket ban for the entire Russian Paralympic team in the wake of Richard McLaren’s damning report, which alleged the presence of a state-sponsored doping scheme at a number of major events, including the 2014 Winter Olympics and Paralympics in Sochi.
IPC President Sir Philip Craven described the anti-doping system in Russia as "broken, corrupted and entirely compromised", while accusing the Russian Government of "catastrophically failing" its Para-athletes.
The IPC’s position contrasted starkly with that taken by the International Olympic Committee, who opted to defer the decision over the extent of participation of Russian athletes at the Rio 2016 Olympics to the International Federations.
Earlier this month, the IPC rejected more than 175 appeals from Russians hoping to compete at Rio 2016 as neutral participants on the grounds that there is no way to participate other than under a National Paralympic Committee banner.
A total of 34 athletes affected have submitted individual appeals to the Lausanne-based Court of Arbitration for Sport, who had previously supported the IPC stance.
But a request to speed-up the consideration of these appeals before Rio 2016 was rejected, meaning that none of the cases will be heard until after the Closing Ceremony.
Russia’s ban led to the nation setting up an alternative version of the Games, with Russian Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko criticising the IPC at the Opening Ceremony in Moscow.
The Games concluded last Friday (September 9).