The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) hearings in the case between the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) have concluded, with WADA "satisfied" over how it presented its arguments.
RUSADA is appealing a four-year package of sanctions WADA handed down to Russia in December 2019 following alleged manipulation of Moscow Laboratory data.
Chief among the sanctions is a ban on Russia's flag appearing at either the Tokyo 2020 or Beijing 2022 Olympics, while the country would also be prohibited from bidding for any World Championships for four years and could be stripped of ones it has been awarded.
Hearings began on Monday (November 2) and concluded today.
Proceedings went ahead in a mixed format, with most participants joining via videolink but some appearing in-person in Lausanne in Switzerland.
CAS said today it anticipates the Arbitral Panel, which will now deliberate the case, will reach a decision by the end of this year.
WADA President Witold Bańka meanwhile declared the organisation was "satisfied with how we presented our case".
"As at every other stage, we are following due process in relation to RUSADA’s compliance procedure as we continue to deal effectively with this complex matter," Bańka added.
WADA's Executive Committee approved the severe sanctions after an investigation found data from the Moscow Laboratory was intentionally altered both before and when it was forensically copied by WADA in January 2019.
Having access to the Moscow Laboratory data was central to WADA's contentious decision to reinstate RUSADA after it had initially been declared non-compliant in 2015, as it was needed to identify more Russian drugs cheats while potentially clearing others.
Speaking to insdethegames last month, Mikhail Bukhanov, acting director general of RUSADA, dismissed a suggestion from predecessor Yuri Ganus that there was "no chance" of the sanctions being overturned.
The CAS Arbitral Panel comprised of Australian judge Mark L Williams, Italian professor Luigi Fumagalli and Hamid G Gharavi, a French-Iranian doctor.