Zhangyu Li was one of two Chinese riders to win gold medals on day two of the UCI Para-cycling Track World Championships ©Getty Images

Australia and China both picked up two gold medals as world records were smashed, on a day dominated by time trial action at the International Cycling Union Para-cycling Track World Championships in Apeldoom in The Netherlands.

There were six time trial finals at the Omnisport Apeldoorn with Australia winning the women’s C2 and C3 500 metre events, while Chinese riders triumphed in the women’s C1 500m and men’s C1 1 kilometre finals.

China gained the first gold medal of the day when current world record holder Jieli Li beat her only competitor, Great Britain’s Katie Toft, with a time of 43.830sec in the women’s C1 500m.

In winning, Li also defended the world title she last won at Rio de Janeiro's Olympic Park Velodrome last year.

China’s second gold medal then came in the fourth race of the day, in which the country gained silver as well.

Continuing a common theme at the World Championships so far, once again the current world record holder took the win as Zhangyu Li triumphed in 1min 11.817sec, also a new world's best time.

The London 2012 Paralympic champion gained another of the sport’s top prizes ahead of his compatriot Weicong Liang, who finished with a time over two seconds slower in 1:13.865.

Spain’s Ricardo Ten Argiles was comfortably slower again but 1:16.266 was enough to earn him the bronze medal.

Australia’s two gold medals came in the second and third finals of the day.

Their first came through Amanda Reid, winner of the women’s C2 500m time trial in a world record of 39.505.

The 22-year-old, who has also competed as a swimmer, beat home athlete Alyda Norbruis and China’s Zhenling Song, who finished in 40.191 and 42.697 respectively. 

Reid’s victory may be seen as controversial as she has previously been accused of exaggerating her symptoms for sporting gain by a former coach and other athletes.

Nothing has ever been proven, however, and the Australian Paralympic Committee has said she has physical, visual and intellectual disabilities.

Australia’s other gold medal was won by Paige Greco, who triumphed in the women’s C3 500m time trial in 39.442.

Japan’s Keiko Sugiura came second in 41.254, ahead of China’s Ziaomei Wang, third in 41.345.

The current world record holder and reigning Paralympic champion Megan Giglia from Britain could only finish fourth.

The day’s other time trial gold medals were picked up by Colombia and the United States through Alejandro Perea and Joseph Berenyi.

Perea was victorious in the men’s C2 1km final with a world record of 1:12.838, beating Australia’s Gordon Allan and Canada’s Tristen Chernove.

Allan had himself set a world record at 1:12.873, only to see it beaten moments later. 

Berenyi, meanwhile, gained his fifth world gold at 50-years-old with a time of 1:08.381 in the men's C3 1km time trial.

That saw the 2012 Paralympic 3km pursuit champion beat Spain’s Eduardo Santas Asensio and Belgium’s Diederick Schelfhout.

Like in the women’s C3 500m time trial, the current world record holder, Alexsey Obydennov from Russia finished fourth.