The first Winter Paralympic Games were held in Örnsköldsvik in Sweden in 1976. The disabilities included were blindness and amputees. A total of 16 countries took part with 53 athletes. Events were held in Alpine and Nordic skiing for amputee and visually impaired athletes and a demonstration event in ice sledge racing. West Germany finished top of the overall medals. They won a total of 28 medals, including 10 gold. The event was originally known as the 1st Winter Olympic Games for the Disabled.
Fact of the Day
After Jamaica won the Olympic gold medal in the 4x400 metres relay at Helsinki 1952, the island's Governor decreed a national holiday, But after the day of celebrating came the day of reckoning as many islanders were brought to the courts for breaches of the liquor laws. Their plea? "Helsinki, Your Honour". The local newspaper said that the judge smiled and passed "sporting sentences". In Helsinki, the winning team offered the Duke of Edinburgh a drink to help their celebrations. They possessed no drinking glasses but found a toothbrush tumbler. Cheerfully the Duke joined in.
Bulgarian weightlifter Angel Genchev was winner of the Olympic gold medal in the lightweight division at Seoul 1988 before he tested positive for a banned diuretic and stripped of the title, In 1992 he was sent to prison for two years after being convicted of rape. But he was released early so he could represent his country at the World Championships in 1994, where he won a bronze medal. He was sent to prison again in 2001 after he shot at a taxi driver.
The ice hockey tournament at the 1948 Olympics in St. Moritz was nearly cancelled after the United States sent two teams. One was sponsored by the Amateur Athletic Union and the United States Olympic Committee and which was strictly amateur. The other by the Amateur Hockey Association and the Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace, who were responsible for approving the participation of national teams at the Games, and included professionals. The IOC initially ruled that neither team could compete, leading the LIHG to threaten to boycott the Olympics, The AHA team were allowed to play but received no official ranking and were not eligible to win a medal.
American Kurt Angle won the Olympic gold medal in the men's freestyle wrestling heavyweight division at Atlanta 1996 despite suffering a fractured neck. After the Games, Angle went on to star in World Wrestling Entertainment and won the WWE Championship belt four times and World Heavyweight Championship title one. He remains the only professional wrestler to have won an Olympic gold medal.
The official theme music of the 1996 Olympic in Atlanta was Summon the Heroes by John Williams, his third composition at a Games following Olympic Fanfare and Theme at Los Angeles 1984 and The Olympic Spirit at Seoul 1988. The official song, however, of Atlanta 1996 was Reach, sung by Gloria Estefan at the Closing Ceremony.
At the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden's Anders Ahlgren fought Finland's Ivor Böhling in the final of the wrestling light heavyweight class. The pair wrested for nine hours without a winner emerging and the officials declared the match a tie. Neither of the two was awarded a gold medal, both receiving silver medals instead.
In February 2006, it was announced that curling at the very first Winter Olympic Games at Chamonix in 1924 was part of the official programme and not a demonstration event as many authoritative sources had previously claimed. This official confirmation by the International Olympic Committee was the culmination of an investigative campaign begun by the Glasgow-based newspaper The Herald, on behalf of the families of the eight Scots who won the first curling gold medals. The winning team was selected by the Royal Caledonian Curling Club in Perth, the mother club of curling.
The 1932 Olympic Games in Los Angeles were held during a worldwide depression but that did not stop the American city from making a profit of $1 million. They achieved the record figure even after paying for the accommodation costs of the Games by building the first Olympic Village, giving free food to all the athletes and paying for their entertainment during the 16 days of the Games.
When George S. Patton, Jr was preparing for the modern pentathlon at the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm he used to eat a plate of raw steak and salad after each training session. On the final day of the competition, he prepared for the cross-country run by receiving an injection of opium. The regime saw Patton finish fifth. He later found greater fame for commanding the U.S. Seventh Army in the Mediterranean and European during World War Two and for his leadership of the U.S. Third Army in France and Germany following the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.
As India was a British colony, its athletes had to march behind Great Britain's flag at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin. But in the dressing room before their final match against Germany, India's hockey team saluted the tricolor flag of the Indian National Congress. The team went on to win 8-1, with Dhyan Chand scoring six goals playing barefoot, to claim the gold medal.
British fencer Steven Paul competed at three Olympic Games - Moscow 1980, Los Angeles 1984 and Barcelona 1992 - without winning a medal. He found more success after he retired when he trained Pierce Brosnan for his fencing scenes in the James Bond film Die Another Day and served as the actor's double for the more technical shots in the movie released in 2002. The film earned $432 million worldwide, becoming the sixth highest-grossing film of the year.
At the 1932 Olympic Games in Los Angeles, Britain's Hugh "Jumbo" Edwards won the gold medal in the coxless pairs event with Lewis Clive and a second gold in the coxless four on the same day. During World War Two it was his rowing ability which saved his life. While serving as a squadron leader with the Royal Air Force's Coastal Command in 1943, he was forced to ditch his plane in the Atlantic Ocean. He rowed a dingy four miles through a minefield to safety. He was the only member of the plane's crew to survive.
During the Italian rowing team's celebration after winning the quadruple sculls at Seoul 1988, David Tizzano was thrown into the water and lost his Olympic gold medal on the muddy bottom of the Han River. A South Korean diver, working as a security guard at the regatta course, retrieved it after a 50-minute search. Eight years later, in Atlanta, Tizzano won a second gold medal in the double scull.
When Liechtenstein made its Olympic debut at Berlin in 1936 they discovered that the country's flag of two equal horizontal bands of blue on the top and red was identical to that of Haiti. It led to a crown being added to the top left hand corner of Liechtenstein's flag the following year to differentiate it. But it was not until 1976 that it got hoisted at an Olympic medal ceremony when Hanni Wenzel won a bronze in the giant slalom at the Winter Games in Innsbruck.