The 1904 Olympic Games in St. Louis included the only appearance on the programme of the plunge for distance event, where competitors began with a standing dive and then had to remain motionless underwater for one minute or until their heads broke the surface of the water, whichever came first. William Dickey of the United States won the gold medal with a distance of 62 feet 6 inches, There were only five participants in the event, however, all Americans from the New York Athletic Club. Dickey's team-mates Edgar Adams and Leo Goodwin took the silver and bronze medals, respectively. Dickey's Olympic victory was far short of the world record at the time, which for a 60-second limit competition had been set at 79 feet 3 inches by W. Taylor of Bootle, England, in September 1902.