At the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki, Fritz Thiedemann - who had commanded a German cavalry unit during World War Two before being captured towards the end and interned in a Russian prison camp - created a unique piece of history. The farmer's son earned bronze medals in both individual show jumping and team dressage to become the only rider in Olympic history to win medals in two equestrian disciplines at the same Games. He went on to gold medals in team jumping at the 1956 Olympics, when the equestrian events were held in Stockholm, and Rome 1960. The Thiedemann rein is named after him.
A generation before the notorious Berlin Olympics, two South African Marathon runners who competed at the 1904 Games St Louis debunked another crude and pernicious exercise in racial pigeon-holing, as David Owen discovered when he searched through the archives