Ghanaian referee Joseph Odartei Lamptey has been banned for life by FIFA for match-fixing after he awarded a controversial penalty to South Africa during their World Cup qualifier with Senegal last year.
Lamptey gave the home side a spot-kick in the 43rd minute of the match in Polokwane on November 12 as the South African side beat Senegal 2-1 in the Group D clash.
There were no appeals for the penalty, which was wrongly given for handball against Senegal defender Kalidou Koulibaly and converted by Thulani Hlatshwayo.
Senegalese players vehemently protested the decision.
Video footage of the incident clearly shows the ball hitting Koulibaly on the knee.
As a result of the incident, the Confederation of African Football (CAF) banned Lamptey for three months, meaning he missed out on refereeing at the Africa Cup of Nations in Gabon in January.
In a statement released at the time, the CAF said he had awarded "a wrong penalty for a handball despite the fact that the ball never touched the hand of the player".
FIFA found Lamptey guilty of "unlawfully influencing match results".
All other charges against Ghanaian match official David Lionheart Nii Lartey Laryea, whose behaviour had also been the subject of investigations, were dismissed, FIFA added.
"Further information concerning the South Africa v Senegal match in question will be provided once the decision becomes final and binding," a FIFA statement read.
"FIFA follows a zero-tolerance policy on match manipulation and is committed to protecting the integrity of football.
"As a result, FIFA will continue with its ongoing efforts to combat match manipulation through a variety of initiatives, which include the monitoring of international betting and a confidential reporting system with a dedicated integrity hotline and e-mail address."
South Africa was also at the centre of a match-fixing scandal back in 2010.
Former Zimbabwe Football Association (ZFA) official Jonathan Musavengana and ex-Togo national team coach Banna Tchanile were banned for life by FIFA in December.
FIFA confirmed the sanctions were "related to international friendly matches played in South Africa in 2010".
The matches in question, against Thailand, Bulgaria, Colombia and Guatemala, all took place before South Africa played host to the 2010 World Cup, the first time FIFA’s quadrennial showpiece had ever been held on the continent.
It came amid allegations that corrupt referees manipulated the results of matches for the benefit of gambling syndicates in Asia, linked to convicted match-fixer Wilson Perumal.
South Africa beat Guatemala 5-0 on May 31, 2010, with the hosts netting two penalties through Katlego Mphela in that fixture, refereed by Niger’s Ibrahim Chaibou.
A third spot kick was awarded to Guatemala, but this was missed, while all three goals in South Africa's 2-1 friendly win over Colombia also came from penalties.
South Africa also beat Thailand 4-0 and drew 1-1 with Bulgaria before the World Cup, where the hosts were eliminated at the group stage.
Perumal organised the referees for the four matches in order to ensure they were manipulated as part of a betting scam.